TABLE 1.

Fungal secondary metabolites associated with sporulation processes and development

Secondary metaboliteProducing fungusAssociation with developmentReference(s)
Linoleic-acid derived psi factor Aspergillus nidulans Induces sporulation; affects ratio of asexual to sexual spore development 23, 26, 27, 79
Zearalenone Fusarium graminearum Induces sporulation; enhances perithecial formation 125
Butyrolactone I Aspergillus terreus Induces sporulation and lovastatin production 102
Melanin Colletotrichum lagenarium Associated with appressorial formation 116
Melanin Alternaria alternata UV protection of spore 63
Melanin Cochliobolus heterotrophus Required for spore survival 72
Spore pigment Aspergillus fumigatus Required for virulence 121
Mycotoxins Aspergillus spp.Produced after sporulation 12, 49, 98
Patulin Penicillium urticae Antibiotic; produced after sporulation 103