Table 3.

Genes sequenced in Prochlorococcus

CategoryGene nameMolecule encodedLocalization or functionEMBL/GenBank accession no.Reference(s)
PhotosynthesiscpeYPhycoerythrobilin, phycourobilin lyase?Light harvesting?AJ00123052
cpeZPhycoerythrobilin, phycourobilin lyase?Light harvesting?AJ00123052
mpeXBile pigment biosynthesis, coupling?Light harvesting?AJ00123052
orf463Assembly of light-harvesting structures?Light harvesting?AJ00123052
pcbChl a2 and Chl b2antennaPS II antennaU57660 , U5766177
petBb -type cytochromeCytochrome b6-f complexAF001487AF001489166
petDSubunit IVCytochrome b6-f complexAF001487AF001489166
cpeAPhycoerythrin III α subunitLight harvesting?Z68890 , AJ00123055
cpeBPhycoerythrin III β subunitLight harvesting?Z68890 , AJ00123055
ppeCLinker polypeptide of phycoerythrinLight harvesting?Z92525 , AJ00123054
psaAPsaAPS I core167
psaBPsaBPS I core167
psaFSubunit PsaF of PS IBinding of plastocyanin?167
psaISubunit PsaI of PS ITrimerization of PS IZ98595 ,AJ002427168
psaJSubunit PsaF of PS IBinding of plastocyanin?167
psaLSubunit PsaL of PS ITrimerization of PS IZ98595 , AJ002427168
psbAD1PS II coreZ4920157
psbBCP47Internal antenna of PS IIAF001481AF001485166
rbcLLarge subunit of RubiscoCarbon assimilationU93857 , U9385852, 133, 155
General metabolismaroCChorismate synthaseAmino acid metabolismZ4920151
aspAAspartoacylaseAmino acid metabolismZ8011051
cpn60Chaperonin-60Protein foldingZ3773052
dapADihydrodipicolinate synthaseAmino acid metabolismZ37733 , Z6812695
rpoC1DNA-dependent RNA polymeraseBiosynthesis of RNAZ11160125
rnpBRNase P ribozymeRNA processingY12789 , AJ00113553
rncRNase IIIRNA processingAJ00113552
rrn16S rRNAProtein synthesisX63140 ,AF001466AF001476165, 166
trnRTransfer RNA arginine (CCU)TranslationY12789 ,AJ00113553
Nutrient uptakepstSPhosphate-binding proteinPhosphorus assimilationU75514146
Cell cyclednaADnaADNA replicationU44977139
ftsZFtsZCell divisionAJ01102558
uvrDDNA helicaseDNA replication and DNA repair processesAJ00123052