Table 1.

3D reconstructions of spherical virusesa

Virus family, subfamily (genus), speciesHostNALattice symmetrySize (Å)Reference(s)
Adenoviridae
 Ad2VdDT = 25884–1,11470, 296, 298
 Ad5VdDT = 25884–1,114328
 Ad5 (without fiber)VdDT = 25884–914 328
 Ad12VdDT = 25884–1,11470
 Ad2-Fab DAV-1 complexVdDT = 25884–1,114297
 Ad2-αvβ5 complexVdDT = 25884–1,23870
 Ad12-αvβ5 complexVdDT = 25884–1,20470
 Ad3 penton dodecahedronVT = 1400267
 Ad3 penton dodecahedron (without fiber)VT = 1280267
Birnaviridae
 (Avibirnavirus)
  IBDVVdRT = 13d70040
Bromoviridae
 (Alphamovirus)
  Alfalfa mosaic virus capsidPlT = 1210191
 (Bromovirus)
  CCMVPlsRT = 3284234, 290, 358
  CCMV capsidPlT = 3  284123
  CCMV RNA1 virionPlsRT = 3284123
  CCMV RNA2 virionPlsRT = 3284123
  CCMV (swollen-mixed)PlsRT = 3310290, 292
  CCMV expressedPlsRT = 3284358
 (Cucumovirus)
  Cucumber mosaic virusPlsRT = 3 280343
Caliciviridae
 CalicivirusVsRT = 3 405244
 Norwalk virusVT = 3 380246
 Rabbit hemorrhagic disease VLP-MAb-E3 complexVT = 3 >580305
Comoviridae
 (Comovirus)
  CPMV mixedPlsRP = 3250–312240, 336
  CPMV-T (top component)PlP = 3250–31210, 62
  CPMV-M (middle component)PlsRP = 3250–31210
  CPMV-Bu (bottom component-upper)PlsRP = 3250–31210
  CPMV-M–Fab 5B2 complexPlsRP = 3250–410240, 336
  CPMV-M–Fab 10B7 complexPlsRP = 3250–410240
  CPMV-M–IgG 10B7 complexPlsRP = 3250–>410240
  CPSMV (severe strain)PlsRP = 3250–312234
 (Nepovirus)
  Tobacco ringspot virus, expressedPlP = 3 300279
Cystoviridae
 φ6 nucleocapsidBdDT = 13 58048
 φ6 coreBdDT = 1500–58048
 φ6 procapsidBdDT = 1 46048
 φ6 P1BT = 1 46048
 φ6 P1P4BT = 1 46048
Hepadnaviridae
 (Orthohepadnavirus)
  HepBc (human liver) (nHBc)V?T = 4 340184
  HBc full length (flHBc)VsRT = 3 & 4300, 340184
  HBc expressed (HBcAg)VsRT = 3 & 4320, 36093
  HBcAg empty capsidVT = 3 & 4320, 36093
  HBcAg empty capsid-Fab 312 complexVT = 4 45578
  HBc expressed, truncated (149-aa) empty capsid (HBcAgΔ)VT = 3 & 4320, 36041, 42, 80, 93, 184
  HBcAgΔ + decapeptideVT = 3 & 4320, 36041
  HBc expressed, truncated (147-aa) empty capsid (HBc Cp147)VT = 3 & 4318, 350365
  HBc Cp147 empty capsidsVT = 4 350364
  HBc Cp183 capsidsVsRT = 4 350364
  HBc Cp*150 labeled with dodecagoldVT = 4 350364
  Hbc Cpe (N-terminal extension)VT = 3 & 4290, 33079
 (Avihepadnavirus)
  Duck hepatitis B expressed capsidVsRT = 3 & 4300, 340184
Herpesviridae
Alphaherpesvirinae (Simplexvirus)
   HSV-1VdD∼2,000359
   HSV-1 A capsidVT = 16 1,25035, 269, 363
   HSV-1 B capsid (HSV-1 B)VT = 16 1,25083, 224, 313, 361, 362
   HSV-1 B + 2.0 M GuHCl (G2.0 capsid)VT = 16 1,25038, 224, 291
   G2.5 capsidVT = 16 1,250224
   G2.0 capsid + VP26VT = 16 1,25038
   G2.0 capsid-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16∼1,380291
   HSV-1 B-MAb 8F5 complexVT = 16∼1,400313
   HSV-1 B-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16∼1,300311
   HSV-1 C capsidVdDT = 16 1,25035, 83, 269
   HSV-1 expressed capsidVT = 16 1,250312
   HSV-1 expressed (VP26) capsidVT = 16 1,250312, 348, 362
   HSV-1 expressed (VP26) capsid + VP26VT = 16 1,250348
   HSV-1 procapsid-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16 1,320311
Alphaherpesvirinae (Varicellovirus)
   Equineherpesvirus type 1 light capsidVT = 16 1,25017, 18
   Equineherpesvirus type 1 intermediate capsidVT = 16 1,25017, 18
Betaherpesvirinae(Cytomegalovirus)
   Human herpesvirus 5 B capsidVT = 16∼1,30049
  Unassigned virus in the family
   Channel catfish herpesvirusVT = 16 1,16737
Microviridae
 (Microvirus)
  φX174 114S virionBsDT = 1260–33526, 166, 231
  φX174 108S procapsidBT = 1 363166
  φX174 132S provirionBsDT = 1 363166
 (Spiromicrovirus)
  Spiroplasma phage 4BsDT = 1270–36068, 69
Myoviridae
 Enterobacteria phage P2BdDT = 7600101
 Enterobacteria phage P4BdDT = 4450101
 Enterobacteria phage P4 SidBdDT = 4450213
 Enterobacteria phage P4 PsuBdDT = 445099
Nodaviridae
 FHVIsRT = 333011, 66
Papovaviridae
 (Polyomavirus)
  PolyomavirusVdDT = 7d49526, 30
  SV40VdDT = 7d49514, 15
 (Papillomavirus)
  HPV-1VdDT = 7d60019, 29
  HPV-1 expressed L1 capsidVT = 7d600146
  HPV-1 expressed L1-L2 capsidVT = 7d600146
  BPV-1VdDT = 7d60019, 26, 314
  BPV-1–MAb 9 complexVdDT = 7d71036
  BPV-1–MAb 5B6 complexVdDT = 7d65036
  Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus type 1VdDT = 7d63029
Parvoviridae
Parvovirinae(Parvovirus)
  Aleutian mink disease virusVsDT = 1285214, 232
  Canine parvovirus-Fab complexVsDT = 1255–425344
Parvovirinae (Erythrovirus)
  Human parvovirus B19 VLP (B19)VT = 126067
  B19 VLP-globoside complexVT = 126067
Densovirinae (Densovirus)
  Galleria mellonelladensovirusIsDT = 1260277
Phycodnaviridae
Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus 1AdDT = 1691,900351
Picornaviridae
 (Rhinovirus)
  HRV2VsRP = 3300156
  HRV14VsRP = 330027, 284, 292
  HRV16VsRP = 33009, 27
  HRV2-MAb 8F5 complexVsRP = 3>440156
  HRV2-Fab 3B10 complexVsRP = 3>440161
  HRV14-Fab 1-IA complexVsRP = 344058
  HRV14-Fab 12-IA complexVsRP = 344058
  HRV14-Fab 17-IA complexVsRP = 3440205, 235, 289
  HRV14-IgG 17-IA complexVsRP = 3>440288
  HRV14-D1D2ICAM-1 complexVsRP = 3410259
  HRV16-D1D2ICAM-1 complexVsRP = 341025, 233, 235, 261
 (Aphthovirus)
  FMDV-C–Fab SD6 complexVsRP = 3450162
Podoviridae
 T7-like phages
  Bacillus phage φ29 (φ29) isometricBT = 3455300
  φ29 fiberless isometricBT = 3425300
  Enterobacteria phage P22 headBdDT = 7630245
  P22 procapsidBT = 7612245, 308
  P22 procapsid (minus scaffold)BT = 4480309
  P22 procapsid (minus scaffold)BT = 7612309
  P22 procapsid mutant 8tsL177IBT = 7612308
Reoviridae
 (Aquareovirus)
  AquareovirusVdRT = 13l800272
  Aquareovirus empty capsidVT = 13l800272
 (Cypovirus)
  BmCPV-1IdRT = 1600–800356
  BmCPV-1 capsidIT = 1600–800356
 (Orbivirus)
  BTV-10VdRT = 13l900158, 332
  BTV-10 expressed, VLPVT = 13l860159, 332
  BTV-10 coreVdRT = 13l690145, 241, 332
  BTV-10 expressed, core-like particleVT = 13l690157, 332
  BRDVVdRT = 13l790268
 (Orthoreovirus)
  T1L reovirus virionVdRT = 13l850108, 292
 T1L reovirus ISVPVdRT = 13l800108, 292
  T1L reovirus coreVdRT = 1600–800  108, 292
  T1L reovirus empty virionVT = 13l850107
  T1L reovirus empty ISVPVT = 13l800107
  T1L reovirus empty coreVT = 1600–800  107
  Type 2 (Jones) reovirus virionVdRT = 13l850217
  T3D reovirus virionVdRT = 13l850217
  T3D reovirus coreVdRT = 1600–800  209
  T3D reovirus empty coreVT = 1600–800  217
  T3D-Δλ2VdRT = 1600–800  209
  Recoated coreVdRT = 185057
  Recoated ISVPVdRT = 1850171
 (Phytoreovirus)
  Rice dwarf virusPldRT = 13l700207
 (Rotavirus)
  Rhesus rotavirusVdRT = 13l750–>950353
  Simian rotavirus (SA11-4F) TLPVdRT = 13l765–>950248, 249, 271, 352
  Simian rotavirus (SA11-R004) TLPVdRT = 13l765271
  SA11/Vp4VdRT = 13l750352
  SA11/VP4-Fab complexVdRT = 13l765–1,000242
  SA11-4F DLPVdRT = 13l700193, 195, 247, 249
  SA11-4F DLP transcribing mRNAVdRT = 13l700193
  SA11-4F 2-VLPVT = 1525247
  SA11-4F 2/6-VLPVT = 13l700195, 247
  SA11-4F Δ2/6-VLPVT = 13l700195
  SA11-4F 1/2/3/6-VLPVT = 13l700247
Siphoviridae
 (λ-like phages)
  Coliphage λBdDT = 7630100
  Coliphage λ proheadBdDT = 7540100
  Coliphage λ gpDBdDT = 7630100
  Lambdoid phage HK97 prohead IBT = 747081
  Lambdoid phage HK97 prohead IIBT = 747081
  Lambdoid phage HK97 head IBdDT = 755081
  Lambdoid phage HK97 head IIBdDT = 755081
Tectiviridae
 PRD1BdDT = 2574050
 PRD1 sus1BT = 2574050
 PRD1 P3 shellBT = 2574050
Tetraviridae
 Nudaurelia capensis β virusIsRT = 4397229, 230
 Nudaurelia capensis ω virusIsRT = 4410177
Togaviridae
 (Alphavirus)
  Aura virusVsRT = 4708357
  RRVVsRT = 470064, 286
  RRV-Fab complexVsRT = 4810286
  SNVVsRT = 4700130, 237, 238, 286
  SNV TRSB-N (noninfectious mutant)VsRT = 4700238
  SNV TRSB-NE2G216 (infectious mutant)VsRT = 4700238
  SNV coreVsRT = 4400131
  SNV-Fab complexVsRT = 4810286
  SFVVsRT = 4700132, 186, 327
  SFVmSQL mutantVsRT = 4700118, 186
  SFV detergent E1 depletedVsRT = 4680325
  SFV low pH (50-ms form)VsRT = 4700132
Tombusviridae
 Tomato bushy stunt virusPlsRT = 3326
Totiviridae
 (Totivirus)
  L-A (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)FdRT = 143055, 63
  L-A empty capsidFT = 143055, 63
  P4 (Ustilago maydis)FdRT = 143063
No family or subfamily name
 (Caulimovirus)
  CaMV cabbagePldDT = 753865
  CaMV turnip (CM1841)PldDT = 753865
 (Tymovirus)
  TYMVPlsRT = 330039
  TYMV empty capsidPlT = 330039
Other particles
 Yeast retrotransposon Ty1 VLPFsRT = 3 & 4166, 191236
  • a Abbreviations: NA, nucleic acid genome; V, vertebrate; Pl, plant; B, bacteria; I, invertebrate; A, algae; F, fungi; dD, dsDNA; —, none; dR, dsRNA; sR, ssRNA; ?, unknown; sD, ssDNA; T, triangulation number; P, pseudotriangulation number.