Table 1.

3D reconstructions of spherical virusesa

Virus family, subfamily (genus), speciesHostNALattice symmetrySize (Å)Reference(s)
Adenoviridae
 Ad2VdDT = 25884–1,114 70,296, 298
 Ad5VdDT = 25884–1,114 328
 Ad5 (without fiber)VdDT = 25884–914 328
 Ad12VdDT = 25884–1,114 70
 Ad2-Fab DAV-1 complexVdDT = 25884–1,114 297
 Ad2-αvβ5 complexVdDT = 25884–1,238 70
 Ad12-αvβ5 complexVdDT = 25884–1,204 70
 Ad3 penton dodecahedronVT = 1400 267
 Ad3 penton dodecahedron (without fiber)VT = 1280 267
Birnaviridae
 (Avibirnavirus)
  IBDVVdRT = 13d 700 40
Bromoviridae
 (Alphamovirus)
  Alfalfa mosaic virus capsidPlT = 1210 191
 (Bromovirus)
  CCMVPlsRT = 3284 234, 290,358
  CCMV capsidPlT = 3  284 123
  CCMV RNA1 virionPlsRT = 3284 123
  CCMV RNA2 virionPlsRT = 3284 123
  CCMV (swollen-mixed)PlsRT = 3310 290,292
  CCMV expressedPlsRT = 3284 358
 (Cucumovirus)
  Cucumber mosaic virusPlsRT = 3 280 343
Caliciviridae
 CalicivirusVsRT = 3 405 244
 Norwalk virusVT = 3 380 246
 Rabbit hemorrhagic disease VLP-MAb-E3 complexVT = 3 >580 305
Comoviridae
 (Comovirus)
  CPMV mixedPlsRP = 3250–312 240,336
  CPMV-T (top component)PlP = 3250–312 10,62
  CPMV-M (middle component)PlsRP = 3250–312 10
  CPMV-Bu (bottom component-upper)PlsRP = 3250–312 10
  CPMV-M–Fab 5B2 complexPlsRP = 3250–410 240,336
  CPMV-M–Fab 10B7 complexPlsRP = 3250–410 240
  CPMV-M–IgG 10B7 complexPlsRP = 3250–>410 240
  CPSMV (severe strain)PlsRP = 3250–312 234
 (Nepovirus)
  Tobacco ringspot virus, expressedPlP = 3 300 279
Cystoviridae
 φ6 nucleocapsidBdDT = 13 580 48
 φ6 coreBdDT = 1500–580 48
 φ6 procapsidBdDT = 1 460 48
 φ6 P1BT = 1 460 48
 φ6 P1P4BT = 1 460 48
Hepadnaviridae
 (Orthohepadnavirus)
  HepBc (human liver) (nHBc)V?T = 4 340 184
  HBc full length (flHBc)VsRT = 3 & 4300, 340 184
  HBc expressed (HBcAg)VsRT = 3 & 4320, 360 93
  HBcAg empty capsidVT = 3 & 4320, 360 93
  HBcAg empty capsid-Fab 312 complexVT = 4 455 78
  HBc expressed, truncated (149-aa) empty capsid (HBcAgΔ)VT = 3 & 4320, 360 41, 42,80, 93, 184
  HBcAgΔ + decapeptideVT = 3 & 4320, 360 41
  HBc expressed, truncated (147-aa) empty capsid (HBc Cp147)VT = 3 & 4318, 350 365
  HBc Cp147 empty capsidsVT = 4 350 364
  HBc Cp183 capsidsVsRT = 4 350 364
  HBc Cp*150 labeled with dodecagoldVT = 4 350 364
  Hbc Cpe (N-terminal extension)VT = 3 & 4290, 330 79
 (Avihepadnavirus)
  Duck hepatitis B expressed capsidVsRT = 3 & 4300, 340 184
Herpesviridae
Alphaherpesvirinae (Simplexvirus)
   HSV-1VdD∼2,000 359
   HSV-1 A capsidVT = 16 1,250 35, 269,363
   HSV-1 B capsid (HSV-1 B)VT = 16 1,250 83, 224, 313,361, 362
   HSV-1 B + 2.0 M GuHCl (G2.0 capsid)VT = 16 1,250 38, 224,291
   G2.5 capsidVT = 16 1,250 224
   G2.0 capsid + VP26VT = 16 1,250 38
   G2.0 capsid-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16∼1,380 291
   HSV-1 B-MAb 8F5 complexVT = 16∼1,400 313
   HSV-1 B-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16∼1,300 311
   HSV-1 C capsidVdDT = 16 1,250 35, 83,269
   HSV-1 expressed capsidVT = 16 1,250 312
   HSV-1 expressed (VP26) capsidVT = 16 1,250 312, 348,362
   HSV-1 expressed (VP26) capsid + VP26VT = 16 1,250 348
   HSV-1 procapsid-MAb 6F10 complexVT = 16 1,320 311
Alphaherpesvirinae (Varicellovirus)
   Equineherpesvirus type 1 light capsidVT = 16 1,250 17,18
   Equineherpesvirus type 1 intermediate capsidVT = 16 1,250 17,18
Betaherpesvirinae(Cytomegalovirus)
   Human herpesvirus 5 B capsidVT = 16∼1,300 49
  Unassigned virus in the family
   Channel catfish herpesvirusVT = 16 1,167 37
Microviridae
 (Microvirus)
  φX174 114S virionBsDT = 1260–335 26,166, 231
  φX174 108S procapsidBT = 1 363 166
  φX174 132S provirionBsDT = 1 363 166
 (Spiromicrovirus)
  Spiroplasma phage 4BsDT = 1270–360 68,69
Myoviridae
 Enterobacteria phage P2BdDT = 7600 101
 Enterobacteria phage P4BdDT = 4450 101
 Enterobacteria phage P4 SidBdDT = 4450 213
 Enterobacteria phage P4 PsuBdDT = 4450 99
Nodaviridae
 FHVIsRT = 3330 11, 66
Papovaviridae
 (Polyomavirus)
  PolyomavirusVdDT = 7d 495 26,30
  SV40VdDT = 7d 495 14,15
 (Papillomavirus)
  HPV-1VdDT = 7d 600 19,29
  HPV-1 expressed L1 capsidVT = 7d 600 146
  HPV-1 expressed L1-L2 capsidVT = 7d 600 146
  BPV-1VdDT = 7d 600 19,26, 314
  BPV-1–MAb 9 complexVdDT = 7d 710 36
  BPV-1–MAb 5B6 complexVdDT = 7d 650 36
  Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus type 1VdDT = 7d 630 29
Parvoviridae
Parvovirinae(Parvovirus)
  Aleutian mink disease virusVsDT = 1285 214, 232
  Canine parvovirus-Fab complexVsDT = 1255–425 344
Parvovirinae (Erythrovirus)
  Human parvovirus B19 VLP (B19)VT = 1260 67
  B19 VLP-globoside complexVT = 1260 67
Densovirinae (Densovirus)
  Galleria mellonelladensovirusIsDT = 1260 277
Phycodnaviridae
Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus 1AdDT = 1691,900 351
Picornaviridae
 (Rhinovirus)
  HRV2VsRP = 3300 156
  HRV14VsRP = 3300 27, 284,292
  HRV16VsRP = 3300 9,27
  HRV2-MAb 8F5 complexVsRP = 3>440 156
  HRV2-Fab 3B10 complexVsRP = 3>440 161
  HRV14-Fab 1-IA complexVsRP = 3440 58
  HRV14-Fab 12-IA complexVsRP = 3440 58
  HRV14-Fab 17-IA complexVsRP = 3440 205, 235,289
  HRV14-IgG 17-IA complexVsRP = 3>440 288
  HRV14-D1D2ICAM-1 complexVsRP = 3410 259
  HRV16-D1D2ICAM-1 complexVsRP = 3410 25, 233, 235,261
 (Aphthovirus)
  FMDV-C–Fab SD6 complexVsRP = 3450 162
Podoviridae
 T7-like phages
  Bacillus phage φ29 (φ29) isometricBT = 3455 300
  φ29 fiberless isometricBT = 3425 300
  Enterobacteria phage P22 headBdDT = 7630 245
  P22 procapsidBT = 7612 245, 308
  P22 procapsid (minus scaffold)BT = 4480 309
  P22 procapsid (minus scaffold)BT = 7612 309
  P22 procapsid mutant 8tsL177IBT = 7612 308
Reoviridae
 (Aquareovirus)
  AquareovirusVdRT = 13l 800 272
  Aquareovirus empty capsidVT = 13l 800 272
 (Cypovirus)
  BmCPV-1IdRT = 1600–800 356
  BmCPV-1 capsidIT = 1600–800 356
 (Orbivirus)
  BTV-10VdRT = 13l 900 158,332
  BTV-10 expressed, VLPVT = 13l 860 159,332
  BTV-10 coreVdRT = 13l 690 145, 241,332
  BTV-10 expressed, core-like particleVT = 13l 690 157,332
  BRDVVdRT = 13l 790 268
 (Orthoreovirus)
  T1L reovirus virionVdRT = 13l 850 108,292
 T1L reovirus ISVPVdRT = 13l 800 108,292
  T1L reovirus coreVdRT = 1600–800   108,292
  T1L reovirus empty virionVT = 13l 850 107
  T1L reovirus empty ISVPVT = 13l 800 107
  T1L reovirus empty coreVT = 1600–800   107
  Type 2 (Jones) reovirus virionVdRT = 13l 850 217
  T3D reovirus virionVdRT = 13l 850 217
  T3D reovirus coreVdRT = 1600–800   209
  T3D reovirus empty coreVT = 1600–800   217
  T3D-Δλ2VdRT = 1600–800   209
  Recoated coreVdRT = 1850 57
  Recoated ISVPVdRT = 1850 171
 (Phytoreovirus)
  Rice dwarf virusPldRT = 13l 700 207
 (Rotavirus)
  Rhesus rotavirusVdRT = 13l 750–>950 353
  Simian rotavirus (SA11-4F) TLPVdRT = 13l 765–>950 248,249, 271, 352
  Simian rotavirus (SA11-R004) TLPVdRT = 13l 765 271
  SA11/Vp4 VdRT = 13l 750 352
  SA11/VP4-Fab complexVdRT = 13l 765–1,000 242
  SA11-4F DLPVdRT = 13l 700 193, 195,247, 249
  SA11-4F DLP transcribing mRNAVdRT = 13l 700 193
  SA11-4F 2-VLPVT = 1525 247
  SA11-4F 2/6-VLPVT = 13l 700 195,247
  SA11-4F Δ2/6-VLPVT = 13l 700 195
  SA11-4F 1/2/3/6-VLPVT = 13l 700 247
Siphoviridae
 (λ-like phages)
  Coliphage λBdDT = 7630 100
  Coliphage λ proheadBdDT = 7540 100
  Coliphage λ gpD BdDT = 7630 100
  Lambdoid phage HK97 prohead IBT = 7470 81
  Lambdoid phage HK97 prohead IIBT = 7470 81
  Lambdoid phage HK97 head IBdDT = 7550 81
  Lambdoid phage HK97 head IIBdDT = 7550 81
Tectiviridae
 PRD1BdDT = 25740 50
 PRD1 sus1BT = 25740 50
 PRD1 P3 shellBT = 25740 50
Tetraviridae
 Nudaurelia capensis β virusIsRT = 4397 229, 230
 Nudaurelia capensis ω virusIsRT = 4410 177
Togaviridae
 (Alphavirus)
  Aura virusVsRT = 4708 357
  RRVVsRT = 4700 64, 286
  RRV-Fab complexVsRT = 4810 286
  SNVVsRT = 4700 130,237, 238, 286
  SNV TRSB-N (noninfectious mutant)VsRT = 4700 238
  SNV TRSB-NE2G216 (infectious mutant)VsRT = 4700 238
  SNV coreVsRT = 4400 131
  SNV-Fab complexVsRT = 4810 286
  SFVVsRT = 4700 132, 186,327
  SFVmSQL mutantVsRT = 4700 118, 186
  SFV detergent E1 depletedVsRT = 4680 325
  SFV low pH (50-ms form)VsRT = 4700 132
Tombusviridae
 Tomato bushy stunt virusPlsRT = 3 326
Totiviridae
 (Totivirus)
  L-A (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)FdRT = 1430 55,63
  L-A empty capsidFT = 1430 55, 63
  P4 (Ustilago maydis)FdRT = 1430 63
No family or subfamily name
 (Caulimovirus)
  CaMV cabbagePldDT = 7538 65
  CaMV turnip (CM1841)PldDT = 7538 65
 (Tymovirus)
  TYMVPlsRT = 3300 39
  TYMV empty capsidPlT = 3300 39
Other particles
 Yeast retrotransposon Ty1 VLPFsRT = 3 & 4166, 191 236
  • a Abbreviations: NA, nucleic acid genome; V, vertebrate; Pl, plant; B, bacteria; I, invertebrate; A, algae; F, fungi; dD, dsDNA; —, none; dR, dsRNA; sR, ssRNA; ?, unknown; sD, ssDNA; T, triangulation number; P, pseudotriangulation number.