Table 12.

Substrate selectivities of primary carriers for inorganic ions

SubstratePolarityEnergy SourceFamily(-ies)
Monovalent cations
 H+OutATP or P2F (V or A)-ATPases; P-ATPases; H+-PPases
Electron flowNDH; QCR; COX; NFO; HHO; FMF-DH
H transferPTH
Light absorptionFAR; PRC
 Na+OutATPABC; F (and V)-ATPases; P-ATPases
DecarboxylationNaT-DC
Methyl transferNaT-MMM
Electron flowNDH; Na-NDH; NFO; FMF-DH
 K+InATPP-ATPase
Divalent cations
 Ca2+OutATPP-ATPase
 Cd2+OutATPABC; P-ATPase
 Co2+InATPABC
 Cu2+OutATPP-ATPase
 Cu2+InATPP-ATPase
 Fe2+InATPABC; FeoB?
 Fe-chelateInATPABC
 Mg2+InATPP-ATPase
 Mn2+InATPABC
 Ni2+InATPABC
 Zn2+InATPABC
Anions
 AntimoniteOutATPArsAB
 ArseniteOutATPArsAB
 BicarbonateInATPABC
 ChlorideInLight absorptionFAR
 CyanateInATPABC
 MolybdateInATPABC
 NitrateInATPABC
 NitriteInATPABC
 PhosphateInATPABC
 SulfateInATPABC
 TelluriteOutATPArsAB
 ThiosulfateInATPABC