Table 1.

Examples of common implant infections

Implant Organism(s) found Associated disease or consequences Reference(s)
Prosthetic valve S. epidermidis, S. sanguis Prosthetic valve endocarditis 101, 106, 145
Contact lenses P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidis Keratitis 69
Intravascular catheters S. epidermidis, S. aureus Septicemia, endocarditis 232, 250; reviewed in 122
Total artificial heart P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidis, S. aureus Septicemia, device failure 90, 138
Urinary catheters E. coli, P. aeruginosa,E. faecalis, Proteus mirabilis Bacteriuria 175, 236, 239, 262
Joint replacement S. epidermidis, S. aureus Septicemia, device failure Reviewed in 64
Endotracheal tube P. aeruginosa, E. coli,S. epidermidis, S. aureus Pneumonia 111, 235
Voice prostheses Streptococci staphylococci Prosthesis failure 172