Table 1.

Examples of common implant infections

Implant Organism(s) found Associated disease or consequences Reference(s)
Prosthetic valveS. epidermidis, S. sanguisProsthetic valve endocarditis101, 106, 145
Contact lenses P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidisKeratitis 69
Intravascular cathetersS. epidermidis, S. aureusSepticemia, endocarditis 232, 250; reviewed in 122
Total artificial heart P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidis, S. aureusSepticemia, device failure 90, 138
Urinary catheters E. coli, P. aeruginosa,E. faecalis, Proteus mirabilisBacteriuria175, 236, 239, 262
Joint replacementS. epidermidis, S. aureusSepticemia, device failure Reviewed in 64
Endotracheal tube P. aeruginosa, E. coli,S. epidermidis, S. aureusPneumonia111, 235
Voice prosthesesStreptococci staphylococci Prosthesis failure172