TABLE 1.

Host species, related diseases, and prevalence of animal-specific enteroviruses and adenoviruses in hosts and aquatic environments

Virus typeSpecific virusHost speciesRelated diseasesNotesDetection in waterReference(s)
EnterovirusBovine enterovirusCattleDiarrhea, abortionYes; detected in watering tanks, pastures, runoff streams, and river water97
Porcine enterovirus/teschovirusPigTeschen-Talfan disease, pneumonia, polioencephalomyelitis, vesicular diseases, myocarditis, diarrhea, fertility disorders, and dermal lesionsPrevalence of 65% in pigs and wild hogsYes; detected in ponds, sewage, and river water23, 36, 42, 46, 70, 80, 88
Swine vesicular disease virusPigHigh contagious lesions in pigs that are indistinguishable from those caused by foot-and-mouth diseaseA porcine variant of human coxsackievirus B5No; however, studies have shown environmental transmission23, 34, 50
AdenovirusBovine adenovirusCattleKeratoconjunctivitis, acute febrile disease, pneumonenteritis, and acute and fatal enteric diseasesNo; however, has been detected in bovine fecal samples78, 96, 105
Porcine adenovirusPigMild diarrhea and respiratory signs; encephalitis and pneumoenteritis suspectedNo; however, has been detected in swine fecal samples68, 78, 85, 105
Chicken embryo lethal orphan adenovirusChickenNot linked with any clinical signWidespread among chicken populationsInformation not available30
Egg drop syndrome virusChickenReduction in egg production; loss of egg color and thin-shelled eggsHens in laying periodInformation not available74, 156
Hemorrhagic enteritis virusTurkeyIntestinal hemorrhages accompanied by immunosuppressionInformation not available73, 160