TABLE 2.

Specific predictions of the “killing the winner” hypothesis

Equation(s) for indicated parameter(s)MechanismPrediction
Bi and IzIncrease in λi and θzBi and Iz increase, no. of different prokaryotic types decreases
Bi and IzIncrease in βi and ηzBi and Iz decrease, no. of different prokaryotic types increases
Bi and IzIncrease in YVi and YWz, increase in mi and liBi and Iz decrease, no. of different prokaryotic types increases
Bi and IzChange in NNo. of different prokaryotic types does not depend on N
BTIncrease in δPTotal prokaryotic abundance BT increases
BTIncrease in YPTotal prokaryotic abundance BT decreases
BTIncrease in αPTotal prokaryotic abundance BT decreases
IT and modelIncrease in NIncrease in IT
Vi and VT, Wz and WTIncrease in NIncrease in Vi and Wz, increase in total viral abundance VT and WT
Vi and VTIncrease in αiYBi − αnYBnIncrease in Vi and VT
Vi and VT, Wz and WTIncrease in αiYBi and εzYIzIncrease in Vi and VT, Wz and WT
Vi and VT, Wz and WTIncrease in βi and ηzDecrease in Vi and VT, Wz and WT
ModelChange in host community compositionChange in viral community composition
ModelHigh-productivity environment/high NPredation regulates prokaryotic community composition