TABLE 4.

Observational studies with relevance to the “killing the winner” hypothesis, grouped according to the environments studied

Authors (reference)Environment studiedMain parameter(s)
MarineFreshwaterEstuaryOther
Hewson and Fuhrman (33)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance, community composition of Bacteria, richness of nifH gene (diazotrophs), viral production, prokaryotic production
Hewson et al. (37)×Prokaryotic and viral Abundance, community composition of Bacteria and viruses
Larsen et al. (51)×Concn of nutrients, prokaryotic and viral abundance, abundance of phytoplankton, community composition of phytoplankton, community composition of viruses and Bacteria, particulate organic phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon, prokaryotic production, alkaline phosphatase activity
Parada et al. (69)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance, viral production, prokaryotic production, viral community composition in situ and newly produced viruses
Winter et al. (107)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance, viral infection, community composition of Bacteria and Archaea
Winter et al. (108)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance, prokaryotic production, community composition of Bacteria and Archaea
Filippini et al. (26)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance, prokaryotic production
Tijdens et al. (96)×Prokaryotic and viral abundance; abundance of phytoplankton and flagellates; community composition of Bacteria, cyanobacteria, and viruses
Yoshida et al. (112)×Microcystis aeruginosa, viruses infecting this species
Riemann et al. (76)×Nutrients, total organic carbon, chlorophyll a, concn of dissolved DNA, prokaryotic and viral abundance, prokaryotic production, viral production, community composition of viruses, alkaline phosphatase activity, prokaryotic DNA uptake rates
Wang and Chen (98)×Abundance of cyanobacteria and viruses, abundance of viruses infecting Synechococcus sp., richness of g20 genes (cyanomyoviruses)
Andersson and Banfield (1)Mine biofilmsCommunity genomics
Sabet et al. (80)Soda lakeIsolation of bacterial and viral strains, genetic analysis, probes targeting viral isolates