TABLE 1

Effectors of filamentous plant pathogens that have sequence similarities with enzymes or enzyme inhibitors

Effector classHyphal pathogenExample(s)Reference(s)
Chorismate mutases Ustilago maydis Cmu1 45
Lipase effector Fusarium graminearum FGL1 112
Enzyme inhibitors
    Protease inhibitors Cladosporium fulvum Avr2 41
    Cystatin-like protease inhibitor domains Phytophthora infestans EPIC1, EPIC2B 42
    Chitinase inhibitor Cladosporium fulvum Avr4 56
Proteases and peptidases
    Proteases Zymoseptoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola) 33
Colletotrichum sp. 34
    Secreted peptidases Zymoseptoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola)Astacin (peptidase family M12A), serine carboxypeptidase S28 113
    Serine protease Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersiciSep1 35
    Alkaline serine protease alp1 Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Peptidase inhibitor I9 23
Metalloproteases
    Zinc metalloprotease Magnaporthe oryzae AVR-Pita (AVR2-YAMO) 36, 114
    Deuterolysin metalloprotease Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Deuterolysin metalloprotease (M35) family (PF02102) homolog of M. oryzae AVR-Pita 23
    Metalloprotease Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersiciMep1 35
Nudix hydrolases Phytophthora sojae Avr3b 46
Colletotrichum truncatum CtNUDIX 115
Melampsora lini AvrM14 48
Crinklers
    Kinase activity Phytophthora infestans CRN8 50