TABLE 1

Effectors of filamentous plant pathogens that have sequence similarities with enzymes or enzyme inhibitors

Effector classHyphal pathogenExample(s)Reference(s)
Chorismate mutasesUstilago maydisCmu145
Lipase effectorFusarium graminearumFGL1112
Enzyme inhibitors
    Protease inhibitorsCladosporium fulvumAvr241
    Cystatin-like protease inhibitor domainsPhytophthora infestansEPIC1, EPIC2B42
    Chitinase inhibitorCladosporium fulvumAvr456
Proteases and peptidases
    ProteasesZymoseptoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola)33
Colletotrichum sp.34
    Secreted peptidasesZymoseptoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola)Astacin (peptidase family M12A), serine carboxypeptidase S28113
    Serine proteaseFusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersiciSep135
    Alkaline serine protease alp1Sclerotinia sclerotiorumPeptidase inhibitor I923
Metalloproteases
    Zinc metalloproteaseMagnaporthe oryzaeAVR-Pita (AVR2-YAMO)36, 114
    Deuterolysin metalloproteaseSclerotinia sclerotiorumDeuterolysin metalloprotease (M35) family (PF02102) homolog of M. oryzae AVR-Pita23
    MetalloproteaseFusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersiciMep135
Nudix hydrolasesPhytophthora sojaeAvr3b46
Colletotrichum truncatumCtNUDIX115
Melampsora liniAvrM1448
Crinklers
    Kinase activityPhytophthora infestansCRN850