Table 2

Functional modules and their compartmentation in anaerobic energy metabolism in eukaryotesa

Table 2
  • a An asterisk for the pathways involving nitrate and sulfur as terminal acceptors refers to denitrification in foraminiferans (384, 410) and Fusarium (241, 242, 359) and sulfur reduction in Fusarium (1). A question mark indicates that hydrogen production in Blastocystis (270) has not yet been directly demonstrated. BPG, bisphosphoglycerate; AcCoA, acetyl-CoA; αKG, α-ketoglutarate; Ox Phos, oxidative phosphorylation.

  • b H2 production and ethanol production via ADHE in Chlamydomonas appear to be plastidic, but not mitochondrial, processes.